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collage of White Avens and Spring Avens

White Avens (Geum canadense) vs. Spring Avens (Geum vernum)

Updated July 1st, 2022

These species are sometimes confused where both occur. They are easy to distinguish by bloom color and timing, as well as fruit size and structure. Although both species have highly variable leaf shapes, there are differences in leaf shape and texture, and leaves on the stem are particularly easy to distinguish. G. canadense has a much broader range and is also found in a wider range of habitats, including sunnier, drier conditions, anthropogenic habitats, and adverse soil conditions. G. vernum is less tolerant of sunny, dry conditions, and is more restricted to deciduous woodlands with rich, loamy soil.

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