Closeup of Needles & Twig, Balsam Fir (Abies balsaea)

Photo of (Abies balsamea)

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This photo shows a closeup of the needles and twig of a balsam fir (Abies balsamea).

Note the flat needles with green suction-cup bases. This characteristic helps to easily distinguish firs (Abies sp.) from spruce (Picea sp.); spruce needles are instead attached to the twig with a woody appendage that is narrower and not green.

The needles are also blunt-tipped. Spruce needles, by comparison, are diamond-shaped in cross section, not flat, and are sharper-pointed.

Photographer & Copyright

© Judy Gallagher

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CC BY 4.0