Photographer & Copyright

© Mary Krieger

Photo Source

CC BY 4.0

Inclusion in Plant ID / Comparison Guides

This photo is featured in 2 plant ID/comparison guides:

collage of White Spruce and Black Spruce

White Spruce (Picea glauca) vs. Black Spruce (Picea mariana)

Updated February 27th, 2022

These two species are often confused as their ranges overlap and both have bluish foliage. They can be relatively easily distinguished by cones, as well as by characteristics of twigs, needles, and buds, and major differences in growth habit and habitat. White spruce occupies richer habitats, with deep, well-drained soils, whereas black spruce is found on poorly drained and/or thin soils. Although it happens rarely, these species can hybridize, so it may not be possible to identify all individuals.

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collage of White Spruce and Norway Spruce

White Spruce (Picea glauca) vs. Norway Spruce (Picea abies)

Updated July 24th, 2020

These species are sometimes confused, although they are usually relatively easy to distinguish. In cold regions, they are both widely planted in landscaping.

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