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Manila Grass (Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr.)

Also classified as Zoysia pacifica (Goudsw.) M.Hotta & Kuroki (=Zoysia matrella var. pacifica Goudsw.).

BONAP recognizes Zoysia pacifica as a separate species, but we treat it as a variety of this species, Zoysia matrella var. pacifica Goudsw., per POWO's treatment.

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Range - Expand

Introduced or Not Present

This tentative map is based on our own research. It may have limited data on Canada and/or Mexico, and there is some subjectivity in our assignment of plants as introduced vs. expanded. Read more in this blog post.


This species is used as a turfgrass in the warmer parts of the US, particularly the south, and sometimes in California. We recommend avoiding it because it has invasive potential; it has escaped into the wild in a number of regions, and seems to be most aggressive in south Florida.

Zoysia matrella (Manila grass) | USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site)

Zoysia matrella (Manila grass) | CABI Invasive Species Compendium (About This Site)

Zoysia matrella | Biota of North America Project (BONAP) (About This Site)

Zoysia pacifica | Biota of North America Project (BONAP) (About This Site)

Zoysia matrella | NatureServe Explorer (About This Site)

Zoysia matrella | Flora of North America (About This Site)

Manila Grass | Maryland Biodiversity Project (About This Site)