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Garden Strawberry (Fragaria ×ananassa )

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A hybrid species of human origins, created by crossing F. virginiana with F. chiloensis.

Range - Expand

Introduced or Not Present
Native or Expanded
Native or Expanded or Not Present

This tentative map is based on our own research. It may have limited data on Canada and/or Mexico, and there is some subjectivity in our assignment of plants as introduced vs. expanded. Read more in this blog post.

Although this hybrid was created by humans, we treat it as native or expanded on the west coast, as both parent species are native to the general area, but the hybrid has expanded into areas where one or both species were not originally present. In the east we treat it as introduced: although the areas where it is introduced are largely contained within the native range of F. virginiana, they are well outside the range of F. vesca and thus represent introduction of new genetic material across a major geographic divide.


This hybrid is used for commercial strawberry production and also grown in gardens.

Although primarily grown as a food plant, it is occasionally also grown as an ornamental or landscaping plant. Cultivars exist with pink or red flowers. It can function as a groundcover and can even replace lawns.

Fragaria ×ananassa (strawberry) | USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site)

Fragaria X ananassa | Biota of North America Project (BONAP) (About This Site)