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Tropical Wet Forests

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Map Legend & Subregion List

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NameColor on Map
Humid Gulf of Mexico Coastal Plain and Hills
Plain and Hills of the Yucatan Peninsula
Sierra Los Tuxtlas
Everglades
Western Pacific Plain and Hills
Coastal Plain and Hills of Soconusco

About the Tropical Wet Forests

The Tropical Wet Forests ecoregion of North America includes a small portion of the southern tip of Florida, but most of this region is located in Mexico. As one progresses into the Caribbean and South America, this biome becomes more dominant.

This region is characterized by warm year-round temperatures, with only a weak seasonality of temperature towards the north of its range, and relatively wet conditions year-round, although there can be some seasonality of precipitation.

Much of this region is covered by evergreen forests, with some semi-deciduous forests.

Globally, these regions are one of the most biodiverse regions, and this region within North America is no exception. These regions are characterized by a large portion of epiphytes, plants that grow on the surface of other plants.

The often-isolated hardwood hammocks in the Everglades, FL, are one of the few places where a tropical wet forest occurs in the continental U.S. These forests exhibit a mild seasonality of rainfall and temperature, with slightly cooler and significantly drier winters. But these small areas still show many of the characteristic features of tropical rainforests, with abundant epiphytes and most of the nutrients stored in the live biomass rather than the soil. Photo © Alex Zorach, CC BY-SA 4.0