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Upper Boston Mountains

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About the Upper Boston Mountains

The Upper Boston Mountains are the more northerly, central, higher elevation portion of the Boston Mountains. Together with its lower counterpart, this is one of the least-disturbed ecoregions in Eastern North America.

This region consists of dissected, rugged mountains with steep slopes. Elevations range from 1,900-2,560 feet, with local relief of 300-900 feet. The climate is humid and subtropical, averaging 52-54 inches of rainfall annually. Precipitation follows a bimodal pattern, peaking in May and again in fall, with drier summers and winters.

This region was originally almost entirely forested, mostly with oak-hickory forest. Forest cover is presumably similar to its original composition. Upland areas feature northern red oak, white oak, pignut hickory, and mockernut hickory, whereas narrow floodplains support sweetgum, various willows, birch, American sycamore, hickories, southern red oak, and white oak.