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Black Baneberry (Actaea racemosa L.)

Also known as black cohosh, black snakeroot; also classified as Cimicifuga racemosa.

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A large herbaceous woodland plant.

Range - Expand

Native or Not Present
Native or Introduced
Native or Introduced or Not Present

This tentative map is based on our own research. It may have limited data on Canada and/or Mexico, and there is some subjectivity in our assignment of plants as introduced vs. expanded. Read more in this blog post.


Cultivated in shaded gardens, where it is valued for its distinctive foliage and large flower spikes.

Has historically been used as a medicinal plant as well.

White Baneberry (Actaea pachypoda) occurs in much of this plant's range, and is often found in similar habitats as well.

Numerous other Actaea species also occur in North America; all are native except the European Actaea spicata which has become established in northern New Jersey.

Actaea racemosa (Black Baneberry) | USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site)

Actaea racemosa | Go Botany (About This Site)

Black Cohosh | iNaturalist (About This Site)

Actaea racemosa (Black Cohosh) | Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder (About This Site)

Actaea racemosa | Biota of North America Project (BONAP) (About This Site)

Actaea racemosa | NatureServe Explorer (About This Site)

Actaea racemosa | Missouri Plants (About This Site)

Black Baneberry | Maryland Biodiversity Project (About This Site)

Actaea racemosa L. (Common Black Cohosh, Bugbane) | Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora (About This Site)