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Carolina Poplar (Populus ×canadensis Moench)

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A naturally occurring hybrid of Populus nigra and Populus deltoides.

Range - Expand

Introduced or Not Present

This tentative map is based on our own research. It may have limited data on Canada and/or Mexico, and there is some subjectivity in our assignment of plants as introduced vs. expanded. Read more in this blog post.

This species has also been introduced in Canada; we have yet to build this portion of its range map. We have not yet verified whether or not it is also found in Mexico, but its range extends into the southwestern US so it may also occur in Mexico.


This species is a "naturally occurring" hybrid in the sense that it arose as a spontaneous hybridization of the two hybrid species. However, it is not natural in the sense that the two parent species did not occur together on the same site until humans introduced Populus nigra to North America as a landscaping plant.

We treat it as an introduced plant, a convention that BONAP, but not the USDA, follows.

Populus ×canadensis (Carolina poplar) | USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site)

Populus X canadensis | Biota of North America Project (BONAP) (About This Site)

Populus × canadensis Moench | Plants of the World Online (POWO) (About This Site)