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Winter Aconite (Eranthis hyemalis)

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A perennial, native to Europe, where it has hugely expanded beyond its original range. Introduced in North America, where it has only become established in a few locations, mostly southeast Pennsylvania and Northern Delaware, but can be locally common where it is found.

USDA Plants Profile for Eranthis hyemalis

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In its native habitat, found in calcareous (high in limestone or calcium) woodlands.

In North America, usually found in woodlands near suburban gardens, especially in areas with calcareous soil. The potential for this species establishment in the wild in North America is not well-known.


Occasionally planted as a garden plant, especially in woodland gardens. The use of this plant in gardening is the primary way this plant has gotten established in the wild.

This is the only plant of its genus found in North America.

The broader Ranunculaceae or buttercup family contains numerous species of many different genera, both native and introduced.

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