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Mountain Paper Birch (Betula cordifolia)

Also known as heartleaf birch, heart-leaved birch, heartleaf paper birch, heart-leaved paper birch.

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Mountain Paper Birch

Summary

A tree similar in appearance to paper birch, but found farther north and at higher elevations.

USDA Plants Profile for Betula cordifolia

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Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera)
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Habitat

Moist, early-successional habitats at high elevations and on cold sites, including subalpine zones and forests on or surrounding mountain summits, margins of talus slopes. Found in both mixed coniferous-hardwood forests and as a minor component of predominately coniferous forests.

Similar to paper birch (Betula papyrifera) but prefers cooler sites, including higher elevations, more northerly sites, and cooler microclimates. Has some overlap with paper birch but mostly replaces it at higher elevations.

Until recently this was considered a subspecies or variety of paper birch (Betula papyrifera), i.e. older sources may reference it as Betula papyrifera Marshall var. cordifolia (Regel) Fernald.

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