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American Basswood vs Littleleaf Linden

These species are sometimes confused as they have many similar characteristics, including leaf shape. They are usually easily distinguished by leaf size.

American Basswood (Tilia americana)

Littleleaf Linden (Tilia cordata)

A large deciduous tree native to the eastern and midwestern U.S.
Much larger leaves (7-20cm long)
Photo © Blake Bringhurst, CC BY 4.0.
Much smaller leaves (3-9 cm long)
Photo © Nate Martineau, CC BY 4.0.
Cotyledons (first leaf-like structures originating as part of the seed) of seedlings usually 5-lobed. Lobes longer, narrower. 2nd and 4th lobes usually shorter than middle and edge lobes.
Photo © Mary Krieger, CC BY 4.0.
Cotyledons of seedlings usually 7-lobed. Lobes usually shorter and stouter. Two lobes closest to the edge are usually the smallest.
Photo © lotteryd, Public Domain.
Photo © , .
Photo © er-birds, CC BY 4.0.