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Inkberry (Ilex glabra (L.) A. Gray)

Also known as Appalachian tea, dye-leaves, evergreen winterberry, gallberry.

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A small, thornless species of holly with evergreen leaves, its common name originating from the dark color of its fruit.

Range - Expand

Native or Not Present

This tentative map is based on our own research. It may have limited data on Canada and/or Mexico, and there is some subjectivity in our assignment of plants as introduced vs. expanded. Read more in this blog post.


Inkberry is widely planted as a landscaping plant, especially in parking lots and urban conditions. It is favored for its thornless, evergreen leaves, compact growth habit, and tolerance of drought, poor soil, exposed conditions, and road salt.

Especially in the south, this plant makes a desirable nectar source for honey production, where it is usually lumped together with Ilex coriacea and the honey is sold as "Gallberry honey". (source, source)

Inkberry | Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) (About This Site)

Ilex glabra (Inkberry) | USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site)

Ilex glabra | Go Botany (About This Site)

Gallberry | iNaturalist (About This Site)

Ilex glabra (Inkberry) | Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder (About This Site)

Inkberry | Virginia Tech Dendrology Factsheets (About This Site)

Ilex glabra | Biota of North America Project (BONAP) (About This Site)

Ilex glabra | NatureServe Explorer (About This Site)

Inkberry | Maryland Biodiversity Project (About This Site)

Ilex glabra (L.) Gray (Inkberry) | Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora (About This Site)