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Birdeye Speedwell (Veronica persica Poir.)

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A small annual plant native to Eurasia and introduced in North America. One of the introduced Veronica species with the widest ranges in North America, common and abundant in certain areas and scattered in others.

Range - Expand

Introduced or Not Present

This tentative map is based on our own research. It may have limited data on Canada and/or Mexico, and there is some subjectivity in our assignment of plants as introduced vs. expanded. Read more in this blog post.


Prefers sunny, moist conditions and rich soil, although it tolerates rocky soils.

Mostly found in anthropogenic habitats, including gardens, especially edges of gardens and lawns, and areas up against walls. Usually cannot survive regular mowing, but sometimes found in mowed lawns, where it is can complete its life cycle by growing early in the season, in late winter and early spring before people start mowing.

Life Cycle

Birdeye Speedwell usually grows as a winter or spring annual, reproducing only from seed. Most growth occurs during cooler, wetter periods in spring. Flowering is opportunistic, dependent on conditions, starting as early as March and continuing as late as October.

Cool, wet conditions can cause this plant to persist longer than usual, whereas hot, dry conditions can cause it to die earlier.

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