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Japanese Pachysandra (Pachysandra terminalis Siebold & Zucc.)

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An evergreeen perennial native to East Asia, and widely planted in North America as a ground-cover. Frequently escapes to forested areas adjacent to suburbs and human development.

Range - Expand

Introduced or Not Present

This tentative map is based on our own research. It may have limited data on Canada and/or Mexico, and there is some subjectivity in our assignment of plants as introduced vs. expanded. Read more in this blog post.


Widely used as a groundcover, where it is valued for its tolerance of a wide range of conditions, the fact that it effectively keeps out most other plants, and the fact that it does not climb things like English ivy.

Its usage as a landscaping plant in North America is decreasing as people are beginning to favor native plants and view this as an invasive species.

The closely-related Allegheny Spurge (Pachysandra procumbens) is native to a small range in North America from Kentucky south into Alabama and Mississippi; it is less consistently evergreen, usually deciduous or semi-evergreen in mild winters.

The broader Buxaceae family also includes several Buxus species, all of which are introduced in North America, although there are two species native to Puerto Rico.

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Pachysandra terminalis (Japanese Pachysandra) | USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site)

Pachysandra terminalis | Go Botany (About This Site)

Pachysandra terminalis (Japanese Pachysandra) | Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder (About This Site)

Japanese Pachysandra | Virginia Tech Dendrology Factsheets (About This Site)

Pachysandra terminalis | Biota of North America Project (BONAP) (About This Site)

Pachysandra terminalis | NatureServe Explorer (About This Site)

Pachysandra terminalis | Flora of North America (About This Site)

Japanese Pachysandra | Maryland Biodiversity Project (About This Site)

Pachysandra terminalis Sieb. & Zucc. (Pachysandra, Japanese-spurge) | Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora (About This Site)