Home » Plants » Sanicula odorata

Clustered Blacksnakeroot (Sanicula odorata (Raf.) K.M. Pryer & L.R. Phillippe)

Also known as clustered black snakeroot, clustered sanicle, common black snakeroot, fragrant sanicle.

Page contents
Clustered Blacksnakeroot
Photo © Jim Bowhay, Public Domain.


A biennial of rich, deciduous woodlands, favoring sites that have experienced some recent disturbance.

Range - Expand

Native or Not Present

This tentative map is based on our own research. It may have limited data on Canada and/or Mexico, and there is some subjectivity in our assignment of plants as introduced vs. expanded. Read more in this blog post.

Similar Plants

thumbnail of Canadian Blacksnakeroot
Canadian Blacksnakeroot (Sanicula canadensis)
View - Compare
thumbnail of Maryland Sanicle
Maryland Sanicle (Sanicula marilandica)
View - Compare
thumbnail of Small's Blacksnakeroot
Small's Blacksnakeroot (Sanicula smallii)
View - Compare


Found in deciduous woodlands with rich, loamy soil, particularly on sites that have experienced recent disturbance or have gaps letting in more light. Of the Sanicula sp. found in eastern North America, this species is most tolerant of sun, and most tolerant of disturbed and degraded woodlands. It can occur both in rich uplands and bottomlands. In addition to being found in forests, it can also be found in suburban gardens, and shaded fence rows.

Humans have probably increased the habitat for this species through creation of paths through woodlands and replacement of large tracts of mature deciduous forest with smaller forest fragments with more gaps and edge habitat.

Sanicula odorata (Common Black Snakeroot) | Illinois Wildflowers (About This Site)

Sanicula odorata (clustered blacksnakeroot) | USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site)

Sanicula odorata | Go Botany (About This Site)

Clustered Black Snakeroot | iNaturalist (About This Site)

Sanicula odorata | Biota of North America Project (BONAP) (About This Site)

Sanicula odorata | NatureServe Explorer (About This Site)

Sanicula odorata | Missouri Plants (About This Site)

Clustered Blacksnakeroot | Maryland Biodiversity Project (About This Site)

Sanicula odorata (Clustered Black Snakeroot) | Minnesota Wildflowers (About This Site)

Sanicula odorata (Raf.) K.M. Pryer & L.R. Phillippe (Clustered Snakeroot) | Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora (About This Site)

Photo gallery

Photo © Nathan Rauh, Public Domain.
Photo © Nathan Rauh, Public Domain.
Photo © Shaun Pogacnik, Public Domain.
Photo © √Čtienne Lacroix-Carignan, Public Domain.
Photo © Jim Bowhay, Public Domain.
Photo © aarongunnar, CC BY 4.0.