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Dwarf Chinquapin Oak (Quercus prinoides)

Also known as dwarf chinkapin oak.

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Dwarf Chinquapin Oak


A scrubby white oak, found on barren sites with dry, acidic soils.

Range - Expand


This tentative map is based on the FHWA's ERA. This data lacks information on Canada, but also overestimates native ranges, especially around the edges, as this post explains. We have not yet reviewed or fixed this map.

Similar Plants

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Chinquapin Oak (Quercus muehlenbergii)
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Found on exposed, barren sites too harsh for larger tree cover, including pine barrens, shale barrens, and ridgetops with exposed rock outcroppings, and dry prairies. Occasionally found in edge habitats, including forest edges and roadsides. Found in dry, acidic soils, especially coarse, deep sands or shale.

Often found in fire-prone habitats. In the northeast, often occurs together with bear oak (Quercus ilicifolia).

Life Cycle

A fast-growing, shrubby species, Dwarf Chinquapin can flower as soon as 3-5 years of age.

In addition to producing acorns, this species also reproduces vegetatively, with a single individual often sending up multiple stems and forming a large thicket.

Quercus prinoides (Dwarf Chinkapin Oak) | Illinois Wildflowers (About This Site)

Quercus prinoides (Dwarf Chinquapin Oak) | USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site)

Quercus prinoides | Go Botany (About This Site)

Dwarf Chinkapin Oak | iNaturalist (About This Site)

Dwarf Chinquapin Oak | Virginia Tech Dendrology Factsheets (About This Site)

Quercus prinoides | Biota of North America Project (BONAP) (About This Site)

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Photo © Nate Martineau, CC BY 4.0.
Photo © Nate Martineau, CC BY 4.0.