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European White Birch (Betula pendula Roth)

Also known as silver birch.

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European White Birch


Native to Europe and Asia, with a wide distribution. Widely planted in North America as a landscaping plant, and established in the wild at numerous isolated sites in the colder regions of the continent, mostly northerly areas and at high elevations.

Range - Expand

Introduced or Not Present

This tentative map is based on our own research. It may have limited data on Canada and/or Mexico, and there is some subjectivity in our assignment of plants as introduced vs. expanded. Read more in this blog post.

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Planted as a landscaping plant in North America, but makes a poor choice in most areas. Short-lived due to stress when planted in areas warmer than its native habitat, and also susceptible to insect infestations in North America. In the north, has the potential to become invasive. Locally-native birches, of which there are many in most parts of the U.S., make a better choice of landscaping plants.

Silver Birch | The Wood Database (About This Site)

Betula pendula (European White Birch) | USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site)

Betula pendula | Go Botany (About This Site)

Betula pendula (European White Birch) | Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder (About This Site)

European Weeping Birch | Virginia Tech Dendrology Factsheets (About This Site)

Betula pendula | Biota of North America Project (BONAP) (About This Site)

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Photo © Jesse Rorabaugh, Public Domain.
Photo © Jesse Rorabaugh, Public Domain.
Photo © Andrey Korobkov, Public Domain.
Photo © mangoblatt, Public Domain.
Photo © Ben Armstrong, CC BY 4.0.
Photo © Svyatoslav Knyazev, CC BY 4.0.
Photo © Ben Armstrong, CC BY 4.0.