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River Birch (Betula nigra)

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River Birch


A birch of the southeast to central U.S., mostly associated with bottomlands and alluvial soils; the most southerly birch in North America and the only birch in much of its range.

Range - Expand


This tentative map is based on the FHWA's ERA. This data lacks information on Canada, but also overestimates native ranges, especially around the edges, as this post explains. We have not yet reviewed or fixed this map.

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Prefers alluvial soils, including clay soils. Tolerates poor drainage and acid soils, including prolonged flooding. Intorelant of shade. Mature trees exhibit some tolerance to surface fires.

Found in a wide range of bottomland forests and swamps, but usually limited to earlier successional stages of growth, and requires disturbance to persist.


Used as a landscaping plant, where it is valued for its visually-interesting bark, attractive foliage, and moderate to small size at maturity, and ability to withstand both standing water and drought.

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