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Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides)

Also known as necklace poplar.

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Range - Expand


This tentative map is based on the FHWA's ERA. This data lacks information on Canada, but also overestimates native ranges, especially around the edges, as this post explains. We have not yet reviewed or fixed this map.


Found mostly in floodplains and bottomland woodlands, along rivers and streams, in sandbars of rivers, and at margins of swamps. Also found in low spots in sandy uplands where the water table is locally high, and next to springs with enough flows to form ponds.

Mostly found in early-successional habitats with high light conditions, often together with willows, that are maintained by frequent flooding that kills less flood-tolerant species. Tolerates temporary flooding in spring. Tolerates drought once established.


Occasionally used in landscaping as a large shade tree, but a poor choice in many cases due to its aggressive root system and tendency to drop limbs.

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Populus deltoides (Eastern Cottonwood) | USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site)

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Eastern Cottonwood | Virginia Tech Dendrology Factsheets (About This Site)